Dan Graham was born in Champaign-Urbana, Illinois, in 1942. A pioneer in performance and video art in the 1970's, Graham later turned his attention to architectural projects designed for social interaction in public spaces. Graham’s work explores the psychological effect architecture has on us. In addition, he has published a substantial body of critical and speculative writing on art and perception. Graham has had retrospective exhibitions at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; the Renaissance Society, University of Illinois, Chicago; Kunsthalle Bern, Switzerland; the Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth; the Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands; and Modern Art Oxford, United Kingdom. He has participated in Documenta V (1972), VI (1977), VII (1982), IX (1992) and X (1997). In 2001, a major retrospective, Dan Graham, Works 1965-2000, travelled to Museu Serralves, Porto, Portugal; ARC/Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; the Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands; and the Kunsthalle Düsseldorf.