Donald Judd was born in 1928 in Excelsior, Missouri. He studied at The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia; the Arts Students League and Columbia University, New York, where he earned a B.S. in philosophy in 1953. He received many awards and grants including: the John Guggenheim Memorial Foundation in 1968 and the National Endowment for the Arts in 1977. Judd was one of the leaders of the Minimalist Movement in the 1960’s and 1970’s and was the founder of The Chinati Foundation, a contemporary art museum in Texas. With over 100 one-person exhibitions and 500 group exhibitions, Judd’s work continues to be exhibited extensively throughout the world in places such as Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Norway, Spain, South Korea, Switzerland, and the United States. His work is represented in collections including: the Museum für angewandte Kunst, Vienna; the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran; the Migros Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Zurich; the Tate Modern and the Tate Britain, London; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; the Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, New York; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and The Museum of Modern Art,New York; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; and the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington.